• Chapter I Past References and Political History Banavasi holds a very important position in the history of Karnataka. It enjoys the reputation of being the capital town of the first […]
  • Past References – Before Twentieth Century CE So much has been written on these caves that probably there is no need for further writing. Also, there have been various successful […]
  • Khandagiri cave complex and Udayagiri cave complex are situated on the two prominence of the same hill, separated by a modern road. Locals assign four different names to its four […]
  • Cave 15: Dhanaghara-gumpha – This single cell cave has preceding veranda supported on two pillars and two pilasters. The cave is protected by a single guard, carved on its left […]
  • Cave 14: Hathi-gumpha – Architecturally, this large natural cavern is of no interest, however it is famous for its inscription, incised on its brow. The inscription has suffered much damage, […]
  • Cave 11: Jamesvara-gumpha – This single cell cave has two entrances, and preceded by a benched verandah supported on two pillars. An inscription near an entrance door records that it […]
  • Fergusson1 mentions that the name of the cave is apparently derived from the two elephants flanking the entrance, R L Mitra also agrees with him on this point. However Debala Mitra2 is […]
  • Cave 2: Bajaghara-Gumpha – This is a twin cave, comprises of two independent cells with their own verandahs. As both cells are carved on the same boulder, therefore it is […]